My first post on the human soul outlined what the soul is, what its basic functions are, the link between the soul and God as well as the soul and the body. The following analysis is a combination of ancient Greek philosophy, Islamic philosophy and, of course, my own thoughts.
The soul’s dimensions can be categorised into three. The first is the ‘satisfied soul’. This level is reached once the soul enters a state of calmness and tranquillity. And this is attained by distancing oneself from the onslaught of passions and desires. The second dimension is the ‘self accusing soul’. This is a state where the soul is in conflict and disharmony. The soul knows that it should worship its master, the divine, and although refrains from indulging in bodily passions, it has not yet entered a state of calmness. The third dimension of the soul can simply be called the ‘evil soul.’ This is where the soul abandons its fight to resist the call of passion and Satan and becomes a complete slave to itself.
The soul is naturally something high and ascendant, after all, it originates from God’s essence. This does not mean, however, that it is incorruptible. As I mentioned in my previous post, the soul was bestowed with free choice, and if this free choice is abused and used to do injustice, the soul becomes low and despicable (in the sight of God).
Plato, the ancient Greek philosopher, propounded his theory on the ‘World of Forms’. This theory denotes that everything in this transient life is a mere shadow of the true reality in the World of Forms. Say, for example, milk, water or wine-these drinks which we consume in this life, are a shadow of what they truly are like, or taste like, in the other realm.
The soul has a secret within it. And it is this secret, which is ingrained deep down within it, which a human being should struggle to discover. The soul was in the presence of the divine before it descended into this lowly life, or the ‘dunya’ in the Islamic faith, which, consequently, caused the soul to foget this secret. While the soul was in the divine presence, it testified to the Oneness of its master, but forgot when it was placed within the human body.
The soul is immaterial, and cannot be destroyed. It predates the human body, and will continue its life for eternity once it departs from this world. The fate of the soul is determined by the decisons it made in this world. If it wronged itself, it will face God’s wrath, if, however, it followed the ‘straight path’ it will live with God’s pleasure for eternity.