Alex was unable to successfully debunk my attempt to prove the existence of the human soul, partly because, my argument is heavily rooted in established science. My argument which explained how a human being interprets everything around him/her is not possible to refute, and my conclusion which posits the existence of the soul, is a logical explanation-for theists anyway.
I actually agree with a lot of what Alex says, but I cannot agree with his conclusions. Alex also alluded to the fact that one cannot prove the existence of the metaphysical, nor can one disprove it. True, but there is logical reason to believe in metaphysics.
Alex asked me in his last post to refrain from using the term ‘soul’ and use ‘consciousness’ instead, that is what I shall do. Consciousness is not something physical. Philosopher Roy Abraham Varghese reversed Descartes famous premise and said ‘I am, therefore I think.’ But who is this I? Where did consciousness come from? The conscious self (which allows us to think deeply, reflect, regret etc) cannot have been something which was passed down the evolution chain, but must have been something which spontaneously arouse, just like language, which developed without any evolutionary forerunner. The most logical answer to these questions is that it came from a source that too is conscious, aware and thinks. It could not have come from unconscious matter which is unaware of its own existence. Matter cannot produce ideas, perceptions and concepts, therefore the ‘self’ or your consciousness must have come from a living source that transcends the material world.
Philosopher Tariq Ramadan says ‘The ability to give ourselves [i.e. in love] presupposes and demands, by definition, that there really is a ‘self’ to give.’ Our ability of introspection, to reason with our inner self, our ability to transcend our egos, and self mastery, which Gandhi achieved as he suppressed all his bodily desires, cannot just be a journey pursued by the human brain but must entail something else. What is it that allows you to achieve such a spiritual existence?
Why does the human brain form intentions? Science cannot explain intentionality, nor can it really explain consciousness. Richard Dawkins in a debate called ‘Is science killing the soul’ admitted that science cannot explain consciousness ‘We don’t know. We dont understand it’ he said.
Finally, because I believe that we were created by a Creator, and that we also have a purpose, it is fair to assume that there must be accountability. If there is no afterlife, this would mean that the most evil of people would escape accountability and punishment, and the best people who have lead great lives, would not be rewarded. I believe in accountability in the afterlife not because it’s simply a nice concept, but because there must be a purpose behind creation. The idea that we were created from nothing, with no purpose, have somehow evolved into extremely intelligent, conscious and complex beings in an extremely complex universe, and will just ‘die’ is frankly, unfathomable.